Brillouin Energy: The weak nuclear force and LENR
|September 14, 2012||Posted by Jack Cole under Brillouin Energy - Robert Godes, Widom-Larsen|
David Niebauer, attorney and general legal counsel for Brillouin Energy, published an article today entitled Is the “Weak Force” the Key to LENR? Mr. Niebauer discusses the current state of LENR theory and considers the Widom-Larsen Theory and Robert Godes Brillouin Theory. He also discusses why he thinks the field has had difficulty advancing–the lack of a cogent theory to guide experimentalists. I think there is a lot of truth to his assertion, but also that a lack of a standard mechanical device and procedure to reproduce and study the effect has also contributed. This is another reason I find the work of Dale Basgall and Ugo Abundo to be so important. Celani’s work is helpful to some extent, but not fully explained in terms of procedures.
Below are some interesting excerpts from the article:
Brief Description of Widom-Larsen Theory
Not everyone agrees that the Widom-Larsen Theory (“WLT”) accurately explains all, or even most, of the observed phenomenon in LENR experiments. But it is worth a brief look at what WLT proposes.
In the first step of WLT, a proton captures a charged lepton (an electron) and produces a neutron and a neutrino. No Coulomb barrier inhibits the reaction. In fact, a strong Coulomb attraction that can exist between an electron and a nucleus helps the nuclear transmutation proceed.
This process is well known to occur with muons, a type of lepton that can be thought of as very heavy electrons – the increased mass is what pulls the lepton into the nucleus. For this to occur with electrons in a condensed matter hydrogen system, local electromagnetic field fluctuations are induced to increase the mass of the electron. Thus, a “mass modified” hydrogen atom can decay into a neutron and a neutrino. These neutrons are born with ultra low momentum and, because of their long wavelength, get caught in the cavity formed by oscillating protons in the metal lattice.
These ultra low momentum neutrons, which do not escape the immediate vicinity of the cavity and are therefore difficult to detect, yield interesting reaction sequences. For example, helium-3 and helium-4 are produced often yielding large quantities of heat. WLT refers to these as neutron catalyzed nuclear reactions. As Dennis Bushnell explains: “the neutrons set up isotope cascades which result in beta decay, heat and transmutations.” Nuclear fusion does not occur and therefore there is no Coulomb barrier obstruction to the resulting neutron catalyzed nuclear reaction.
Brief Description of Brillouin Theory
Robert Godes of Brillouin Energy Corp., claims that WLT explains some, but not all, of the observed LENR phenomena. As Godes understands the process, metal hydrides stimulated with precise, narrow, high voltage, bipolar pulse frequencies (“Q-pulse”) cause protons or deuterons to undergo electron capture. The metal lattice stimulation by the Q-pulse reverses the natural decay of neutrons to protons, plus beta particles, catalyzing an electron capture in a first endothermic step. When the initial proton (or deuteron) is confined in the metal lattice and the total Hamiltonian (total energy of the system) reaches a certain threshold level by means of the Q-pulse stimulation, an ultra cold neutron is formed. This ultra cold neutron occupies a position in the lattice where dissolved hydrogen tunnels and undergoes transmutation, forming a cascade of transmutations – deuteron, triton, quadrium – by capturing the cold neutron and releasing binding energy. Such a cascading reaction will result in a beta decay transmutation to helium-4, plus heat.
The Q pulse causes a dramatic increase of the phonon activity, driving the system far out of equilibrium. When this energy reaches a threshold level, neutron production via electron capture becomes a natural path to bring the system back to stability.
The article concludes with:
Scientists have focused on the strong nuclear force due to the immense power that can be released from breaking the nuclear bond. Less attention has been paid to the weak force, which causes transmutations and the release of energy in more subtle ways. Recent theories that explain many of the phenomena observed in low energy nuclear reactions (LENR) implicate the weak force. We are now at the stage where theory and experiment begin to complement each other to allow for the rapid transformation of the new science of LENR.